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When lightning strikes a building, house or other structure, it follows metal conductors such as electrical wiring, plumbing, and telephone lines from the structure to the ground. When this process occurs, it usually leaves the inhabitants unharmed.
Get out of the water! Get off the beach and out of small boats and canoes. If caught in a boat, crouch down in the center of the boat away from metal hardware. Avoid standing in puddles of water, even if wearing rubber boots.
Basements should be used with caution during lightning storms (unless there's a tornado warning!) because they usually contain conductors. Avoid contact with washers and dryers since they not only have contacts with the plumbing and electrical systems, but also have an electrical path to the outside through the dryer vent. Concrete floors should also be avoided as they usually contain some form of reinforcement which can easily become electrified by a nearby lightning strike. Avoid bathing during a lightning storm as the household plumbing can carry a deadly current.
As the differences in charges continue to increase, positive charges rise up taller objects such as trees, houses, and telephone Christian Louboutin Silver
Lightning usually claims only one or two victims at a time and usually does not cause the mass destruction left in the wake of tornadoes or hurricanes. Lightning generally receives less attention than any other weather hazard.
If you cannot reach shelter, avoid being the tallest object in the area. Do not take shelter under a tree. If you are in the woods, find shelter under the shortest trees.
70% of lightning strike victims suffer long term effects
Phone use is the leading cause of lightning injuries within the home. Lightning can travel long distances in both Christian Louboutin Beige Pumps phone and electrical wiring, especially in rural areas where other conductors are limited.
Figure 1. An idealized graphical explanation of how lightning forms.
If the negatively charged area at the bottom of the storm gets large enough, sends out a channel toward the ground called a step leader. It is invisible to the human eye and moves in steps toward the ground. When the step leader nears the ground, or a target like a radio tower, it repels all the negatively charged in the surrounding area, and attracts all the positive charge. As the positive charges collect in high enough concentration, they send out small bolts of ground to air lightning called streamers. If the streamers can make contact with the step leader, an electric current wave propagates up the channel as a bright pulse lightning!
poles. The charge can also move up you, causing your hair to stand on end! This is natures final way of warning you that lightning can strike near you very soon.
Lightning can strike as much as 10 miles away from the rain area New Christian Louboutin Sneakers
Avoid leaning against vehicles and get off bicycles and motorcycles.
When lightning approaches, get inside a completely enclosed building. Car ports, open garages, storage sheds, metal sheds, and covered patios are not safe shelters.
Once lightning enters the home it can surge through the electrical, phone, plumbing, and radio/television reception systems. It can also travel through any metal wires or bars in concrete walls or flooring as well as windows and doors. It is important to avoid these conductors during an electrical storm.
The clouds at the high levels of the thunderstorm are made of ice crystals. The formation of ice in a cloud is an important element in the development of lightning. Those storms that fail to produce large numbers of ice crystals may also fail to produce a lot of lightning. Strong rising and sinking motions within the cloud are important too, as they enhance collisions among cloud particles causing a separation of electrical charges. Positively charged ice crystals rise to the top of the thunderstorm and negatively charged ice particles and hailstones drop to the middle and lower parts of the storm.
Most lightning injuries and deaths can be prevented with advance planning and being aware of developing weather situations
Lightning has fascinated and excited humans for as long as they have watched the skies. Although meteorologists understand the cloud conditions necessary to produce it, lightning cannot be forecasted. At any moment, there are as many as 1,800 thunderstorms in progress somewhere on Earth, and each is producing deadly lightning. see an average of 25 million strokes of lightning each year, from some 100 thousand storms. It is estimated that the Earth is struck by 100 lightning bolts every second.
The primary cause of death from lighting is cardiac arrest
Approximately 10% of the people struck by lightning are killed
If no enclosed building is available, get inside a hard topped, all metal vehicle.
A NOAA Weather Radio can help keep you informed with the latest thunderstorm information
Where organized sports activities are taking place, coaches, umpires, referees, or camp counselors must protect the safety of the participants and spectators by stopping the activities so that participants and spectators can get to a safe place before the lightning threat becomes significant.
An average of 85 lightning fatalities occur each year
the distance that you are able to hear the thunder from the storm. If you can hear the thunder from a storm, you are close enough to be struck by lightning.
in a thunderstorm. That is about Christian Louboutin Mens Black Sneakers
Unlike high voltage electrical injuries with which massive internal tissue damage may occur, lightning seldom causes substantial burns
If only isolated trees are nearby, crouch on the balls of your feet. A rule of thumb to follow is to stay twice as far away from a tree as it is tall. Don't lie on the ground.
And of course, with lightning comes thunder. Lightning heats the surrounding air to as much as 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit, which is five times the temperature of the surface of the sun! When air is heated, it expands, and this expansion is what's causing the sound of thunder. The expansion is happening faster than the speed of sound, which creates a sonic boom.
Knowing outdoor safety rules can help save your life or that of loved ones.
During a thunderstorm, each flash of cloud to ground lightning is a potential killer. However, lightning deaths can be prevented if people are aware of the dangers and seek shelter.
Approximately 400 people survive lightning strikes each year
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